Carbon Trading & Climate Change

Clean Development mechanism

The Clean Development Mechanism is one of the “flexibility mechanisms” that is defined in the Kyoto Protocol. The flexibility mechanisms are designed to allow Annex B countries to meet their emission reduction commitments with reduced impact on their economies (IPCC, 2007).Clean Development Mechanism is designed to promote projects that reduce emissions. The Clean Development Mechanism is based on the idea of emission reduction “production”.

Carbon Footprint

A carbon footprint has historically been defined as “the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person.A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide(CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest.


Emission Trading Scheme

Emissions trading or cap-and-trade is a market-based approach used to control pollution by providing economic intensive.Emission trading scheme constrains the aggregate emissions of regulated sources by creating a limited number of trad able emission allowances, which emission sources must secure and surrender in number equal to their emissions.A limit on access to a resource (the cap) is defined and then allocated among users in the form of permits.

Carbon Reduction Commitment

The Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme is a mandatory cap and trade scheme in the United Kingdom that applies to large non-energy-intensive organizations in the public and private sectors. It has been estimated that the scheme will reduce carbon emission by 1.2 million tonnes of carbon per year by 2020. The Commitment has been introduced under enabling powers in Part 3 of the Climate change act of 2008.


Biogenic Co2 Emission

A significant proportion of carbon dioxide emissions come from the combustion of biomass (biological material made from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen). Burning biomass results in emissions which are considered carbon-neutral, because the carbon is generated by the natural carbon cycle.The method is fast, reliable and cost-effective. It eliminates the need for labor-intensive, expensive and hazardous tests for physical properties .

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